Everything There Is To Know About The Sewing Machine | Essential

Everything There Is To Know About The Sewing Machine

What is a Sewing Machine?

A sewing machine, in simpler terms, is an electrical or treadle-powered machine intended to weave fabrics such as clothes, faux fur, leather holsters, etc., using a specific type of thread for each fabric. Sewing machines have emerged as the most vital component of any family, automobile industries, jeans factories, etc.

Got that? Let’s take a step ahead towards its history! 

History of sewing machines?

History of sewing machines

People used to sew by hand around 2000 years ago using needles made of bones and animal horns and thread made of animal sinew. Inventor Thomas Saint came up with the first sewing machine design in 1790. Although there is no evidence of Saint’s working model, he likely used leather and canvas material; he was a furniture maker with many practical features: a needle bar, an overhanging arm, a feed mechanism, and a looper. 

The sewing machine was invented by Thomas Stone and James Henderson in 1804, while John Duncan in Scotland invented the embroidery machine.

Until the 1970s, sewing machines were mechanical that people operated by hands. But after that, electronic sewing machines were invented that are now the most used machines having advanced features and are operated by electricity. As a result of these electronic components, new stitch patterns and stitch combinations were possible, as well as automated thread cutters (Learn about the types of Scissors and cutters), needle positioning, and backpacking.

However, electronic sewing machines don’t last for too long compared to vintage or mechanical ones because modern sewing machines contain electrical wires, delicate features, etc., that are prone to damage.

Everything There Is To Know About The Sewing Machine and its Applications

It may take me hours or even a book to write about the importance and uses of sewing machines. 

But following are some of its most distinguished applications:

  • The main usage of a sewing machine is to stitch fabrics and make different types of clothes and designs.
  • With a sewing machine, you can make furniture covers, clothes, patches on jeans, sew canvas, bedding items, etc. 
  • Sewing machines are often employed to produce embroidery and quilts and to repair cloth items.
  • It is appropriate for all types of design layouts and has the ability to produce the smallest stitches that are inconceivable with hand sewing. 
  • Sewing machines are utilized in industries to sew jeans, shoes, pants, skirts, etc., on a much larger scale to meet the country’s needs.
  • Sewing machines can potentially be a great contributor to the country’s GDP.
  • With a sewing machine, you can easily restore worn-out clothes at home.
  • You can create sophisticated and up-to-date embroidery designs with sewing machines
  • You can incorporate sewing machines into your sewing academy and teach them to learners to earn money.
  • Different companies like LV, GUCCI, FENDI, KENZO, TOYOTA, MERCEDES, BUGATTI, etc., rely on sewing machines for their manufacturing processes.
  • Sewing machines are commonly used in the toy industry to make different clothes and toys.
  • You can stitch together books, papers, exam papers, etc., without difficulty with sewing machines. 
  • They are suitable for sewing wedding clothes, jackets, bags, curtains, decorative pillows, bed accessories, etc., professionally and in more elegant ways. 

How to use a sewing machine?

It may appear at first glance that operating a sewing machine is as simple as placing fabrics under the presser foot and then starting the machine. 

How to use a sewing machine

Before operating a sewing machine, there are a few other considerations to be made:

Turn on the sewing machine: The first and foremost thing is to switch it on; you can sew anything. There will be a Power Switching button on the right side of most sewing machines. However, if you have a manual sewing machine, you can operate it manually by rotating the wheel handle.

Raise the needle: Make sure your machine’s needle is positioned higher so that you can properly position the fabrics. According to the sewing machine’s model, you can raise the needle by a knob or a button.

Raise presser foot: The presser foot should be raised for fabric alignment.

Place your fabrics: You will have to place fabrics delicately so there is no incline. Then lower the presser foot by a presser foot lever.

Start sewing: After lowering the presser foot, you need to start sewing by pressing the foot pedal slowly or rapidly, depending on the fabric type and the available time.

Lock stitches: The best method, in my opinion, is to secure the stitches at the beginning and end of the project, so they do not fall apart. Several modern sewing machines backstitch professionally and have an automatic thread cutting technology to make sewing more convenient.

Raise the presser foot: After you have sewed, the next step will be to lift the presser foot and pull out the finished fabrics.

How to store a sewing machine?

How to store a sewing machine

When you are a sewing machine owner, you will use it a lot for different sewing-related works, and at the end of the day, you may think about where and how to store it. Don’t worry, and it is simple. You must clean all the dust, dirt, thread, needle, and presser foot, then oil all the moving parts gently. Also, dry all the moist parts, so they don’t get rusty. After that, cover them with protective covers or buy a dedicated sewing machine case if you have a small expenditure.

Types of Sewing machines

Market is full of different types of machines among them some of them are listed below:

Types of Sewing machines
  1. Domestic model sewing machine 
  2. Industrial model sewing machine 
  3. Handheld sewing machine
  4. Treadle sewing machine
  5. Mechanical sewing machines
  6. Electronic sewing machine
  7. Computerized sewing machine
  8. Mini sewing machines
  9. Lockstitch machine
  10. Chain stitch machine
  11. Blind stitch machine 
  12. Cover stitch machine
  13. Serger
  14. Safety stitch machine
  15. Flat seam machine
  16. Bar tack sewing machine
  17. Button sewing machine
  18. Long Arm Quilting Sewing Machine
  19. Embroidery-only Sewing machine
  20. Vintage sewing machine

Quick Comparison Between The Most Used Machines (Industrial Sewing Machines Domestic Sewing Machines)

DetailsIndustrial Sewing Machines Domestic Sewing Machines 
Stitch OptionsThey specialize in one clean and professional stitchThey can perform plenty of stitches which need to be done professionally
SpeedFaster so they need to be operated professionallySlower that is why you can control them easily
Fabric flexibilityThe industrial machines can handle larger cloth and thicker fabricDomestic sewing machines have smaller motors that are unable to handle all types of cloth or fabric
Duty Cycle/Operation TimeIndustrial machines are meant to last a lot longer than domestic machines and can operate for much longer.Domestic machines are not intended to operate for more than 5 hours at a time. If you go over this 5-hour limit, you risk burning out the motor
MaintenanceSince industrial machines are doing more heavy-duty projects and for longer periods of time, they do require a bit more maintenanceWith domestic machines, you can only do smaller sewing projects and therefore the machine is only required to be clean and maintained every few months for most people
PriceIndustrial machines range from $2,000-5,000 or moreDomestic machines range anywhere from $400-500
WeightHeavyLittle lighter
DurabilityMore long-lastingLess long-lasting

Sewing machine revenue per year

In the USA: The Sewing Machines market in the U.S. is expected to reach US$591.5 Million in the year 2022.

Sewing machine revenue per year

Worldwide: 4.2 Billion Dollars in 2022 and expected to reach 6.0 Billion dollars by 2028

Sewing machine uses according to age

  • Elementary and middle school children (sewing machines with very basic features).
  • High school children (using modern sewing machines). 
  • 18-35 years old men and women (Computerized and heavy-duty machines).
  • Above 35 to 60 years old people (Advanced heavy-duty sewing machine).

Note: People over 60 should avoid using it due to poor eye sight and other issues

Sewing machine usage by gender

  1. Sewing machines are used by 71.7% of women in the US
  2. Men use it at a rate of 28.3%

So it means that sewing machines are mostly used by women, not men.

Note: there should be suitable light in a sewing room especially for aged people as their eyesight get week within the passage of time

The most popular brands of sewing machines

The most popular brands of sewing machines

Following are some of the top-tier sewing machine brands in the world.

  1. Juki (Made in Japan)
  2. Janome (Made in Japan)
  3. Singer (Made in the USA) 
  4. Brother (Made in Japan)
  5. Bernina International (Made in Swiss)
  6. Pfaff (Made in Germany) 
  7. Husqvarna Viking (Made in Sweden) 
  8. Toyota (Made in Japan) 
  9. Babylock (Made in Japan)
  10. Bernette (Made in Swiss)
  11. Elna (Made in Swiss) 
  12. Kenmore (produced by several companies, not one) 
  13. Jaguar (Made in Japan)
  14. Consew (Made in China)
  15. Necchi (Made in Italy)
  16. Merrow (Made in the USA) 
  17. Melco (Made in the USA) 

Top 10 companies that use sewing machine

Top 10 companies that use sewing machine
  • Louis Vuitton (LV)
  • Fendi
  • Gucci
  • Prada
  • BATA
  • Miu Miu
  • Adidas
  • Nike
  • Curtain industries 
  • Automobile industries (Toyota, BUGATTI, Ferrari, Mercedes, Rolls Royce, etc.) 

Which sewing machine is best

In my opinion, almost every sewing machine can make or break your work, but below I will list of a few best sewing machines that are the best overall in the market for specific types of work. 

Top 5 Sewing machine Quotes 

“My soul is fed with needles and thread.”
“When life gives you scrap, make a quilt.”
“Sew much fabric, sew little time.”
“I’m a fabricaholic on the road to recovery. Just kidding. I’m on the road to the fabric store.”
“I’m working on my PhD (projects half done) in sewing.”

Top 10 common errors on all types of sewing machines

Pros and Cons of sewing machines

As for me, a sewing machine is one of the most important home appliances with few to no cons, but I would like to mention a few.

  • Sewing machines are easy to use
  • With a sewing machine, your business will appear enhanced, automated, and professional
  • Sewing machines give you more accurate stitches than hand sewing. 
  • Sewing machines let you sew thinner stitches efficiently. 
  • They help you sew faster and in less time. 
  • Modern sewing machines stitches are extremely precise and on the line.
  • Sewing machines let you create different kinds of designs.
  • They let you stitch fabrics at home without going to tailors. 
  • Sewing machines are faster, more powerful, and more convenient. You can sew leather, canvas, faux fur, patches on jeans, clothes, etc., within minutes. 
  • You can sew leather, canvas, faux fur, patches on jeans, clothes, etc., within minutes. 
  • Adding them to your home appliances can be a great way for your children to learn new skills. 
  • Handheld sewing machines are easy to carry in your pocket.
  • Industrial Sewing Machines can perform heavy-duty tasks. 
  • Modern sewing machines may be out of reach for some.
  • Computerized sewing machines are tricky to operate.
  • You may need a separate room for sewing machine arrangement (not a major issue).

Parts of a sewing machine

Everything There Is To Know About The Sewing Machine
Credited to Wikipedia

After telling you all the other things about sewing machines, now comes the most important part: the parts of sewing machines. Well, sewing machines have plenty of crucial parts worth writing about, but I will explain the 6 most important parts.


The needle is the first and foremost part of sewing work because, without it, you cannot complete sewing work. Needles are also replaceable parts that are necessary for stitching. There are several needles, such as Universal, Ballpoint, Quilting, Sharp, Leather, jeans, etc. It would be best if you changed the needle often so you will not lose any precision.

Interesting topic: Learn what size needle is used for denim in 2022?

Key Points:

  • Position: Above the presser foot.
  • Function: To sew fabrics, clothes, leathers, etc.


The main purpose of a Bobbin is to secure the thread below the needle to make up the lower section of the stitch. Among the different types of bobbins are metal bobbins, plastic bobbins, and aluminum bobbins, with metal being sturdier. However, plastic and aluminum are the most lightweight. According to the type of sewing machine, there are top drop-in and front-loading bobbins.

Key Points:

  • Position: Top drop-in and Front-loading.
  • Function: Hold the thread below the needle. 

Note: Only use that bobbin suitable for your sewing machine for better results. 

Bobbin Case

It is a metal case used to stabilize the bobbin and ensure it remains stable in one place.

Key Points:

  • Position: Where we put bobbin (top or front-loading).
  • Function: To support the bobbin. 

Presser Foot

Presser feet are removable and designed to hold the fabrics flat for a perfect sewing experience. There are different types of presser feet depending upon the stitching types, such as Zipper foot, all-purpose foot, Adjustable Zipper foot, Sew-easy foot, etc. (Here is a detailed guide on Presser Foot).

Key Points: 

  • Position: Back or front side of sewing machine
  • Function: It keeps the fabric flat, so it doesn’t rise.

Spool Holder

Spool holders are primarily used for controlling thread direction and holding spools. Depending upon the type of sewing machines, spool holders may be horizontal and vertical. When decorative stitching is required, a sewing machine may have more than one spool holder.

Key Points: 

  • Position: On the front
  • Function: To control the thread direction and hold and spool.

Power Switch 

Today almost every sewing machine consumes electricity for its operations, so you should have a power switch to control them appropriately. When we talk about the location of Power Switch in a sewing machine, then it will be on the right side depending upon the sewing machine’s type.

Key Points: 

  • Position: Mostly on the right side of the sewing machine.
  • Function: To power on and off the sewing machine.

Balance Wheel

A balance wheel is a part of sewing machine present on the upper right side of sewing machine that rotates the upper drive shaft for moving needle and hook in such a manner to produce perfect stitches. Stitching speed and its quality thoroughly depend upon the reliability of the balance wheel. 

Key Points: 

  • Position: Upper right side of sewing machine
  • Function: It rotates the upper drive shaft for moving needle and hook in such a manner to produce perfect stitches.

Bobbin winder

Bobbin winder in a sewing machine helps to wind the thread on the bobbin evenly in such a manner that it is compatible with the tension of the top sewing machine. Well you can wind the thread manually by hand, but bobbin winder gives you precise winding with proper tension of thread. 

Key Points: 

  • Position: Front on sewing machine under Balance Wheel
  • Function: It helps to wind the thread on the bobbin evenly in such a manner that it is compatible with the tension of the top sewing machine.

Face plate thumb screw

This part of sewing machine is used to attach the faceplate of a sewing machine because faceplate saves needle bar, presser bar, and take up lever from dust that is why you should know about Face plate thumb screw. 

Key Points: 

  • Position: Left side of sewing machine above needle position.
  • Function: It is used to attach the faceplate of a sewing machine.

Feed dog

A feed dog is a movable plate which pulls fabric through a sewing machine in discrete steps between stitches.

Key Points: 

  • Position: Under the needle and on throat plate
  • Function: It pulls fabric through a sewing machine in discrete steps between stitches.

Needle Clamp

Needle Clamp is an extremely important component of sewing machines because it holds the needle erect in place. If the needle clamp is not tight, your needle will also be loose as a result of no sewing. 

Key Points: 

  • Position: Beside needle.
  • Function: It holds the needle erect in place.

Presser Bar Lifter

The presser bar lifter is used to raise and lower the presser bar, so that the sewing machine foot is placed in contact with the feed dog. 

Key Points: 

  • Position: On the faceplate.
  • Function: The presser bar lifter is used to raise and lower the presser bar.

Throat Plate

A sewing machine throat plate has holes or slots for the needle to pass through as it moves up and down to stitch the fabric. 

Key Points: 

  • Position: Below the needle and presser foot.
  • Function: It has holes or slots for the needle to pass through as it moves up and down to stitch the fabric. 

Sewing machine sizes (body dimensions) 

Sewing machine sizes

Sewing machine size plays a crucial role in storing it properly or arranging it in a sewing room. There are different sewing machines, each with specific body dimensions but the most used ones are 42” X 21”. But on the other hand, lockstitch and overlock sewing machines are of 47” X 22” and 54” X 28” dimensions. Moreover, handheld sewing machines are the smallest in the world, with an average size of around 11 cm x 2.5 cm x 7 cm. Additionally, the treadle sewing machine and industrial sewing machine are both larger, and the second one comes with a table that makes it even larger. 

Wrapping things up

Here we are at the end of this article, where I have explained almost everything about sewing machines, including their history, applications, how they can be used, pros and cons, parts, and much more. Hopefully, you now better understand what sewing machines are and why we need them.

So take out some time, read this article, and get the most out of it.

Thanks for coming here and reading it thoroughly!